Rajapalayam Dog Breed (June 2024)

Rajapalayam Dog

A dog has been our loyal protector, family member, and companion for centuries, no matter what breed it is. But one such breed that stands out for its striking appearance and sense of balance is the Rajapalayam dog.

The breed is known for its muscularity, long limbs, and a scissor bite that is perfect for guarding, earning a special place in the hearts of dog lovers, particularly in the southern regions of India.

Keep reading the article to explore more interesting facts regarding this remarkable breed.


As it is obvious, the name of the breed Rajapalayam is derived from Southern India in the Tamil Nadu state. The breed was also known as Poligar Hound, derived from Poligar clans. It was said that Poligar clans used to own these breeds back in ancient Southern India.

However, the Poligar clans were trained like that they became fierce, aggressive, and harmful and were also known for robbing people. On the other hand, some people often use them as attack dogs.

However, these breeds have strong ties to the royal families, where it was cherished as loyal guardian and protector.

It was said that the Nayakars brought the breed to the region during the time of the Vijayanagara King’s reign. Traditionally, these dogs were used as a guard, hunting, and war dogs.

They were known to protect houses, rice fields, and farms and were also known to protect the border of Kashmir along with the Indian army. These breeds were also known to fight in the Polygar and Carnatic wars against the British from 1799 to 1805.

Basic Profile of Rajapalayam Dogs

OriginatedSouthern India
Life Span9 to 10 years
Height26 to 29 inches
Weight22 to 25 Kg
Colors AvailabilityWhite, Solid Brown, Solid Black
Litter Size5 to 8 puppies
Occasional Tests RequiredSkin Evaluation
Brain Auditory Evoked Response
Eye and Ear Examination

rajapalayam dog breed

How to Recognize These Rajapalayam Dogs?

You can recognize these dogs with their muscularity and long limbs, giving them a sense of balance. They also have elegant heads, sharp foreheads, and elongated muzzles. With a perfect scissor bite, these breeds are perfect for a war dog.

Their skin is loose under shorts with smooth coats but no wrinkles and dewlap. You can also identify them with their dark brown eyes and soft ears hanging on the sides of their heads. These dogs come up with a long, slightly curled tail that appears to be boney.

You can spot these types of dogs in solid brown, solid black, and, most famous white colors.

How Are These Dogs in Nature?

In nature, Rajapalayam dogs are extremely friendly and loyal to their owners. As we have already told you, these dogs are good guard dogs, so we can also describe them as loyal protectors to their owners.

However, you also have to make sure that you’re socializing with them as a puppy to get more friendly with them. As these breeds are born with strong hunting instincts, you can’t trust them with small pets, such as cats or small rodents, because they can be aggressive at any time.

How to Breed Rajapalayam Dogs

These dogs are one of very healthy breeds, so no complications are attached to their breeding. However, remember that a pet of these breeds may be young for breeding. So you have to wait until they reach their full height and structure.

If you’re a beginner, you can take advice from an experienced vet for breeding.

Environment they Required

However, dogs of these breeds can adapt to any kind of environment. But you have to ensure that if you’re living in an apartment, a lot of daily exercise will be required for them.

You have to take them for a walk or jog daily. Make sure to heel beside or behind the person holding the leash while taking them to the walk, as they need a leader to lead the way, and that must be a human.

As these dogs originated from India, they are super adaptable to all regions. Also, make sure always to have a happy environment at your home.


A well-balanced diet is recommended for these dogs. They are known to be omnivorous so they can eat anything in front of them. And due to enormous physical strength and activeness, they are unlikely to get fat.

It doesn’t mean you can feed them anytime. Make sure to consult with your vet to give your dog a proper diet.

Common Health Issues These Breeds Can Face

As we have already told, Rajapalayam is a very healthy breed. But remember that when you get a puppy of this breed or any other breed, it will have a common chance of developing a genetic disorder that can catch any disease.

As most of these dogs are available in white color, the most common problem related to them is deafness. Additionally, many skin problems are linked to these white breeds, such as mange and dermatitis.

What is the Future of this Breed?

A time will come when the original Rajapalayam will only be found in isolated pockets around Southern Tamil Nadu. From 1980 to 1981, a dog breeding unit was established at Saidapet, Chennai, for these types of breeds.

The Animal Husbandry Department encourages dog lovers to create awareness and provide expertise to dog families required for large-scale breeding. Postal stamps have also been brought out on the Rajapalayam dog by the Indian Postal Department.

The Save the Rajapalayam Project has also been launched by the Kennel Club of India to preserve the breed, and they successfully brought the breed back from extinction.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the Original Breed of Rajapalayam Dogs?

 These dogs are also known as Poligar Hound and Indian Ghost Hound.

2. Is Rajapalayam a Friendly Dog?

Yes, it can be the most loyal, affectionate and devoted dog you can have.

3. In Which Month Does a Rajapalayam Dog Mate?

 From 12 to 16 months is the mating age for these breeds.

4. What is the Price of Rajapalayam Breed?

 These breeds range from 9,000 to 18,000 rupees.

Wrapping Up

With its elegant appearance and loyal nature, the Rajapalayam dog stands out as evidence of South India’s rich canine heritage. Celebrating the unique characteristics of these breeds, remember the importance of preserving and protecting indigenous breeds for future generations.

Written by
Cosmo Jarvis

Cosmo Jarvis is a multi-talented artist excelling in various creative realms. As an author, his words paint vivid narratives, capturing hearts with their depth. In music, his melodies resonate, blending genres with finesse, and as an actor, he brings characters to life, infusing each role with authenticity. Jarvis's versatility shines, making him a captivating force in literature, music, and film.

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